The Biblical Doctrine of Heaven 1 Peter 1:3-9

The Biblical Doctrine of Heaven 1 Peter 1:3-9

     Heaven is complete salvation and praise, glory and honor to the Lord at a level we can’t even perceive. “Ready to be revealed.” What is implied here in the word “revealed”?

        1. It is concealed partially for the present.   

        2. It is prepared.    

        3. It is completeness (body, soul and spirit).

Heaven is mentioned 186x in OT, 236x in NT, (25x in Daniel and 41x in Revelation) 1 and 2 Peter mention heaven 5x. ” The last time” God reveals it like pulling back a curtain. Peter says it is just on the other side of the curtain. 1 Peter 1:5, 7, 12, 13, 20, 4:13, 5:1 mention the word “revealed”- apocolypsis (5 of the 7 directly relate to the coming of the Lord.)

1.  What is heaven?

John 14:1-4 This was spoken one day before the crucifixion. Jesus knew that the disciples were feeling a little uncertain. If you are a believer, you will dwell in heaven forever. Phil. 3:20-21 says our citizenship is in heaven. Note that it is place. It is the Father’s house v. 2. Rev. 21 – new heaven God has a final word and gives the most details of it that are ever found in the Bible. It is also a city. Heb. 11:8-10, 16 “city of heaven”  Heb. 12:22 “heavenly Jerusalem” 13:14 “city to come.” Rev. 3:12 – Philadelphia church

2. What is in heaven?

Rev. 21:11, 23- full glory of God (more than tabernacle glory Ex. 40:34-35 and temple glory 1 Kings 8:10-11). Bride-v. 2, 9 The city of God is the dwelling place of the bride, the wife of the Lamb. God and the Lamb. v. 22 and 22:3 “The throne of God and the Lamb will be in the city.” “only those whose names are written on the Lamb’s book of life.” 21:27  Everyone else is in hell (Rev. 20:1) High wall with 12 gates and with 12 angels at the gates and the names of the 12 tribes of Israel on each gate v.12. City is a square about 2,200 kilometers  and 65 meters high and 12 foundations stones for the 12 Apostles-v. 12-21. No temple because the city is the temple. No sun or moon because God and the Lamb illuminate it v.22-23. No night because the gates are always open- unrestricted access (OT only the priests could enter the holy place) v. 25. No impurity will ever enter. v. 27. Also God will wipe away their tears, no death, no mourning, crying or pain because the old order has passed. v. 4

3. What happens at the revelation?

a. complete hope is revealed 1 Peter 1:13

b. completion of the separated state of death. Everyone will die and we all know that there is a separation. Body decays completely (ashes to ashes). Death is the penalty for sin (Rom 6:23). But for believers, there is no sting. 1 Cor. 15:51 “Oh Death, where is thy sting?(thief on the cross went to paradise). Soul & spirit – go directly to eternity and immediately.  They will be in a condition that will never change-2 Cor, 5:8. Rich man and Lararus-Luke 16:22. Acts 7:59 “Stephen prayed, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.” All of die as believes go directly to the presence of the Lord without bodies. Why? Resurrected bodies come later. Rev. 6:9 the saints are under the altar in the presence of the Lord. Heaven is now filled with spirits. There is no time in heaven.

c. completion of the resurrection. 

“For this perishable must clothe itself with imperishable and the mortal with immortality.” 1 Cor. 15:53. Phil 3:21 “…will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like His glorious body.”

Resurrection comes in 4 parts            

1) Jesus-the first one resurrected-Gr. “prototokos” (this resurrrection is done). 

2)  Rapture-1 Thess. 4:13-18, John 14:3 “…I will come back and take you to be with me where I am.”

3)  End of the tribulation. Resurrection of the OT saints and believers who are still alive at the end of millennium.

4) New Heavens and New Earth-Jesus says in Rev. 22:7, 12, 20 “I am coming quickly”

Practical implications for Believers

1.  Believers should know that the things of heaven are sometimes beyond our complete human understanding.

2.  Believers should look forward to heaven.

3.  Believers should be absolutely certain that the best is yet to come. 

            Matt. 5:12  speaks of being persecuted and Jesus says, “for great is your reward in heaven”.



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